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LACTORs (London Association of Classical Teachers Original Records)

The LACTORs editions are translations (with notes) of resources thematically arranged. They are suited to students in the Sixth form and at University.


The list below can also be accessed here and copies may be bought using the order form here.

1. The Athenian Empire (ed. R.G. Osborne)

The Athenian Empire preserves the best features of earlier editions, including discussion of key aspects of the empire as a whole, but for the first time it carries the detailed narrative down to 404 B.C. It includes an introduction, explanatory notes, eight essays, five maps, seven illustrations, a full bibliography and three indexes. Parts of contents are included as prescribed texts for Ancient History AS.

4th ed. 2000. 176pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 17 3 £10.00


2. The Old Oligarch (ed. R.G. Osborne)

The Old Oligarch is a translation, with introduction and bibliography, of  Pseudo-Xenophon’s Constitution of the Athenians, which combines a cynical sketch of many features of 'Periclean' Athens with an almost generous admission that, from the point of view of the masses, the democratic system is well designed and proof against subversion. The text is one of the prescribed texts for Ancient History AS.

2nd ed. 2004. 33pp. ISBN 978 0903625 31 9 £4.00


3. Cicero’s Consulship Campaign (ed. M.G.L. Cooley)

Cicero’s Consulship Campaign includes the ‘Short Guide’ and other key texts relating to his election as consul for 63 BC, including two letters to Atticus, Asconius’ commentary on Cicero’s lost speech as a candidate, and extracts from pro Murena. Contains introduction, notes and comments on all texts, glossary and bibliography.  Parts of contents are included as prescribed texts for Ancient History AS.

2009 ISBN 978 0 903625 33 3 £5.50


3a. A Short Guide to Electioneering (edd: D.W.Taylor & J.Murrell)

A Short Guide to Electioneering is a translation, with introduction and glossary, of  Commentariolum Petitionis by ?Quintus Cicero, which gives advice to a candidate for the consulship at Rome in the 60s B.C.

2nd ed. 1994 24pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 227 £3.00


5. Athenian Democracy (ed. Robin Osborne)

This edition includes much of the material from Athenian Radical Democracy. It provides more commentary and discussion and includes further material from 4th century Athens. It is organized under three main headings: How Athens became a democracy, its institutions and democracy in action. There is an index of passages, general index and bibliography.  Selections from the book are included as prescribed texts for Ancient History AS. 

2014. 177pp. ISBN 9780 903625 371. £10.00


8. Inscriptions of the Roman Empire, AD 14-117 (edd. B.H.Warrnington & S.J.Miller.)

Inscriptions of the Roman Empire, AD 14-117 is a selection of 100 inscriptions bearing on political, social and economic aspects of the early Empire, with notes and full concordances. The Lactor contains material relevant to Ancient History modules at A2.

2nd ed. 1996 80pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 24 1 £6.00


9. Greek Historical Inscriptions, 359-323 B.C. (ed, P.J.Rhodes)

Greek Historical Inscriptions, 359-323 B.C., based on Greek Historical Inscriptions Vol. 1I, is a translation, with introduction, commentary and concordance, of 23 texts illustrating Greek History in the time of Demosthenes, Philip and Alexander.

2nd ed. 1986 54pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 11 1 £4-50


10. Cicero's Cilician Letters (ed. S.M.Treggiani)

Cicero's Cilician Letters is a translation with introduction, notes, concordance, bibliography and two maps, of 261etters written by Cicero during his governorship of Cilicia in 51-50 BC; This revised edition follows the order and dating of Shackleton Bailey.

2nd ed. 1996   54pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 25 3 £2.00

11. Literary Sources for Roman Britain (edd. Y. Rathbone and D.W. Rathbone)

Literary Sources for Roman Britain is a translation with introduction and notes, of all the important literary sources for the whole period of Roman interest in Britain. Each author is introduced and a full topical guide is provided, with cross-references to previous editions of LACTOR 4.  This revised edition includes Caesar texts and additional extracts from Dio Cassius). This Lactor is part of the prescribed texts for Classics AS and A2.

4th 2012 93pp Edition  ISBN 978 0 903625 35 7 £8.00


12. The Culture of Athens (edd. J.P.Sabben-Clare & M_S.Warman)

The Culture of Athens illustrates major aspects of later fifth-century Athens, such as Society, Civic Life, Education, Religion, the Arts, the Sciences, Philosophy and Sport & Recreation. There are brief notes on the authors translated in this companion volume to nos 1, 2 and 5. 2nd ed.  The Lactor contains material relevant to Ancient History modules at A2.        

1990. 164pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 156 £4.00


13. From the Gracchi to Sulla (ed. D.L.Stockton)   

2nd ed.1991 192pp. ISBN 978 0903625 16 4 £8.00


15. Dio: The Julio-Claudians (ed. J. Edmondson)

Dio: The Julio-Claudians contains selections from Books 58-63, with a full scale introduction and historical commentary, bibliography and maps of Rome and of the Roman Empire. Dio wonderful1y complements the magisterial work Tacitus, and this edition is more ambitious in its scope than previous LACTORs.   The Lactor contains material relevant to Ancient History modules at A2.                     

1992. 275pp. ISBN 978 0903625 21 0. £5.00


16. The Persian Empire from Cyrus II to Artaxerxes I (ed. M. Brosius)

The Persian Empire from Cyrus II to Artaxerxes I translates and comments on. selected Near Eastern Texts, drawing on Herodotus and other Greek authors where relevant. Help with unfamiliar material includes a glossary, various tables, a royal family tree, the C.A.H. map of the Empire and a dozen illustrations. There is also an ample bibliography.                               

2000 129 pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 28 9 £8.00


17. The Age of Augustus (ed. M.G.L. Cooley with B.W.J.G. Wilson)

The Age of Augustus contains everything you wanted to know, about Augustus. This AS/A2 set text has all the relevant sources (including 39 coins) except Suetonius, Life of Augustus, and Dio Cassius, clearly arranged in seventeen sections, seven by sources and ten by themes. There are also plentiful explanatory notes, three maps, three indexes, four family trees and a concordance. Selections from the book are included as prescribed texts for Ancient History AS.

2nd ed.   2003 416pp. ISBN 978 0 903625 30X £16.00


19. Tiberius to Nero

It contains all the main literary, epigraphic and numismatic sources for the period except for Dio (available in LACTOR 15), Tacitus and Suetonius. It follows the format of LACTOR 17, with sizable texts (Acts of the Arval Brothers, Velleius, Josephus, Seneca, Octavia etc) in part I, and with part II arranged by themes (imperial family, religion, wars, slaves and freedmen, conspiracies etc.) Photos of around 60 coins and of some reliefs from Aphrodisias are included, along with maps and family trees.

ISBN: 978-0-903625-34-0.    £18.00


20. The Flavians

The volume contains 425 pages of less easily available sources on this period of Roman history. It follows the same format as Lactor 19 ‘Tiberius to Nero’. It will be of use to students and teachers, studying Roman history in the UK and at English speaking universities. Part one contains long texts including Cassius Dio, Josephus and Juvenal; part two is arranged by themes focused on political history and the emperors. The documents include inscriptions, coins and 9 illustrations; the volume includes a Flavian family tree, 2 maps of the period and explanatory notes by leading academics.

ISBN: 978-0-903625-38-8      Cost  £18.00


Inscriptions of Roman Britain – New Edition

The fifth edition of LACTOR 4, Inscriptions of Roman Britain has been newly edited by Dr. Chris Grocock, Head of Classics at Bedales School, sometime senior examiner for OCR and author of the forthcoming OCR/Bloomsbury textbook on Roman Britain. LACTOR 4.5 includes all the inscriptions prescribed on the new OCR A-level syllabus, and a great many more. Unlike previous editions of the LACTOR, the new edition does not include the Latin texts which are now easily available online, but is therefore able to include around 80 more inscriptions than the previous editions, including some of the recent 'Bloomberg' writing tablets from London, and an expanded section on civilian life and economic activity. As well as the 9 line-drawings of previous editions, the new edition includes 13 photos of a range of inscriptions and 31 coins, all fully illustrated.

ISBN: 978-0-903625-39-5    Cost £14

21. Sparta. ed. M.G.L. Cooley

This is the first sourcebook on Sparta in English, with over 300 pages covering all the key texts on Sparta from earliest times to 362 BC. As well as the mainstream texts of Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon and Plutarch, the book includes plenty of other less-readily available literary sources and as many contemporary and Spartan texts as possible. These include poems by Alkman and Tyrtaios, and many Spartan epigraphic texts ranging from public documents to religious dedications by individuals. There are 18 illustrations, 7 maps and a timeline. A glossary of terms, introductions to the literary sources, as well as to Lakonian Epigraphy and Archaeology also help to guide the reader and there are notes on the individual texts as well as on topics such as ‘The Peloponnesian League’, ‘Perioikoi’ ‘Spartan Women’ etc.

Individual sections are: Sparta from Contemporary Poetry; Historical Inscriptions relating to Sparta; Sparta in Religion and Festivals; Spartan Institutions in Theory; Spartan Institutions in Practice; The Spartan Mirage; Contemporary Athenian Views of Sparta; An Historical Overview.

ISBN: 978-0-903625-40-1  Cost £16

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